The founder of the diamond industry is India. The first mention of precious finds there dates back to the 3rd millennium BC.
Crystals began to come to Europe in the 13th century. However, they learned to process them only in the XV. The first diamond in our modern view was made by Louis de Bernell for the Duke of Burgundy, Charles the Bold, in 1454.
XIX was marked by the beginning of the Diamond Rush. The reason was the discovery of large diamond deposits in the city of Kimberley, South Africa. In the thickness of the rocks, workers discovered a giant tube, which is a frozen carbon.
Other major diamond producers in Australia, Canada, and the Russian Federation. The quality and purity of domestic diamonds are recognized all over the world.
✦ Expert evaluation of diamonds:
In order to reliably evaluate all the qualities of a diamond, specialists conduct a thorough check in the 4C system.
✦ Carat (weight):
The most significant characteristic that determines the value of a diamond is its weight.
According to international standards, the weight of diamonds is measured in carats. 1 carat = 200 mg
- extra small diamonds - up to 0.15 carats
- small diamonds - from 0.15 to 0.40 carats
- medium diamonds - from 0.40 to 1.00 carats
- large diamonds - from 1 carat and above.
At first sight, a diamond has no color. However, there are only a few stones in nature that are absolutely transparent. The color characteristic of a diamond is determined by several groups.
Collectible colors, the most transparent stones:
Colors D to F
Colors G to I
Light yellowish tone:
Colors J to M
Colors N to Z
Fancy colored diamonds can have different colors: yellow, orange, pink, blue, and even red, these stones can be pure or have extra tons.
The purity of the crystal is characterized by the presence of inclusions in the stone. Depending on the number of existing defects (clearly visible or requiring increased view), the diamond characteristic is assigned.
Collectible diamonds that are crystal clear or have minor inclusions that can be seen with a magnifier or microscope:
FL - IF - VVS1 - VVS2
Pure diamonds that can be seen with a magnifier or microscope:
VS1 - VS2
Diamonds have an easy inclusion, can be seen with the unaided eye:
Diamonds have strong inclusions that are visible to the unaided eye:
SI3 -I1 - I2 - I3
The most popular cut in jewelry is considered a round shape with 57 facets. It fully reveals the strength and beauty surface. Among other forms of cut stand out: radiant, oval, marquise, pear, heart, princess, baguette, emerald. It has its characteristics and qualities. There are cut parameters such as diameter, polish, and symmetry.
- VERY GOOD
- FAIR or POOR
✦ Diamonds in Jewelry:
The brilliance, strength, rarity, and beauty of faceted diamonds allow jewelers to create exquisite jewelry. Diamonds in jewelry can look amazing, and also emphasize the merits of other precious stones. In combination with emeralds, sapphires, and rubies, they create a noble contrast. Intense blues, greens, and reds, together with the sparkling highlights of diamonds, transform jewelry into jewelry masterpieces.
Recommended gemological laboratories, GIA, AGS, HRD, IGI.